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The climate in Greece is typical of the climate of the Mediterranean with mild and rainy winders and relatively warm and dry summers. A great variety of microclimates within the Mediterranean climate, are faced in various regions of the country. This happens owing to the influence of topography, as 80% of the country is mountainous, on the air masses coming from the moisture sources of the central Mediterranean Sea. Therefore, the weather in Greece varies from the dry climate of the greater area of Athens and Eastern Greece to the wet climate of Northern and Western Greece. The year can be broadly subdivided into the seasons of the cold and rainy season lasting from early October to the end of March and the dry and warm season lasting from April until September.The coldest period of the year is usually in the months of January and February with a mean minimum temperature ranging between 0 to 5 degrees of Celsius over the mainland of the northern part of the country and 5 to 10 degrees of Celsius close to the coastline of the country. Long stretches of consecutive rainy days are not frequent in the country even in winter. Bad weather days of winter are often interrupted with sunny days, known as Halcyon days, during January and the first days of February. The winter is milder in the regions of the Aegean and the Ionian Islands in contrast to the mainland areas of Northern and Eastern Greece. During the dry and warm period, the weather is usually stable with the sun being bright and the sky being clear, as there is generally no rainfall. However, there are infrequent intervals of rapid rain over the mainland areas. The warmest period occurs in the last ten days of July and the first ten days of August, when the mean maximum temperature lies between 29 to 35 degrees of Celsius. During the warm period, the high temperatures are tempered from fresh sea breezes in the coastal areas of Greece and from north winds, known as Etesian, in the Aegean region.